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What is a Reforestation process?

Forests are fundamental to climate regulation, carbon fixation and the fight against climate change. They are home to over 80% of land creatures.

Reforestation is the term used for an environmental attitude that has as its main objective the recovery of areas that have been damaged for some reason, either natural or by human attitudes, losing part of their vegetation.

There are several causes that cause the vegetation of a place to be lost, that is, damaged, such as fires, for example, where all local biodiversity suffers a considerable impact and the entire environment suffers the negative consequences of this type of action.

Reforestation is the technique of forming new forests in areas that have been deforested. This practice is carried out in areas that no longer have the natural regeneration capacity of native vegetation. Almost a third of the earth's surface is made up of forests. They are home to over 80% of land creatures. In addition, forests are essential for climate regulation, carbon fixation and combating climate change.

Reforestation also contributes to soil health in several ways:

It is a habitat for soil microorganisms that participate in decomposition, increasing the fertility of the land;

  • The fallen leaves and branches form organic matter;

  • Trees prevent erosion and landslides;

  • By reducing water runoff, trees conserve nutrients in the soil.

Types of Reforestation

According to the place where it is carried out, there are two types of reforestation:

Urban Reforestation

Urban reforestation is the controlled planting of trees in urban areas, with specific objectives.

Its objective is related to the city’s own needs: modifying the climate — green spaces are good for fighting the heat —, improving air quality — the high level of traffic in cities increases CO2 levels —, increasing shaded areas or beautify the streets.

Rural Reforestation

It is the large-scale planting of trees on deforested forest surfaces, that is, where there were forests, jungles or vegetation. There are different subtypes according to the objective: conservation, protection and restoration, agroforestry or productive.

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